Resource Library

TitleTypeDate
11th Annual Congressional Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Expo + Forum 11th Annual Congressional Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Expo + Forum Website7/2008
On July 31st on Capitol Hill, the Sustainable Energy Coalition hosted the 11th annual Congressional Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency EXPO + Forum in cooperation with Members of the US House of Representatives and US Senate Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Caucuses. The EXPO addressed the role that sustainable energy technologies are ready to play in solving the myriad problems facing America today.

Author(s):
A Transportation Research Program for Mitigating and Adapting to Climate Change and Conserving Energy A Transportation Research Program for Mitigating and Adapting to Climate Change and Conserving Energy Report12/2009
TRB Special Report 299
This book identifies research needs with regard to policies and strategies relating to the use of the transportation system and to assist infrastructure owners in adapting to climate change; focuses on research programs that could provide guidance to officials at all levels responsible for policies that affect the use of surface transportation infrastructure and its operation, maintenance, and construction; and aims to help officials begin to adapt the infrastructure to climate changes that are already occurring or that are expected to occur in the next several decades.

Author(s): Transportation Research Board
Moving Away From High Gas Prices: Transportation Policy and Oil Independence
Moving Away From High Gas Prices: Transportation Policy and Oil Independence Website7/2008
Proceedings from a July 17, 2008, briefing by the Environmental and Energy Study Institute to Congress on federal transportation policy options to reduce the impact of rising gas prices and the U.S. dependence on foreign oil.

Author(s):
TERRApod: Road Ecology (Episode 1)

Author(s): Terra and WTI
"Division Street" Road Ecology Documentary Film Trailer

Author(s): Eric Bendick
20% Wind Energy by 2030: Changing America’s Electricity Supply 20% Wind Energy by 2030: Changing America’s Electricity Supply

Author(s):
20,000 Kilometres of Migration Corridors. A Safety Net for the European Wildcat 20,000 Kilometres of Migration Corridors. A Safety Net for the European Wildcat Outreach Brochure1/2008
The goal of the BUND project "A Safety Net for the European Wildcat" is to link up 20,000 km of Germany’s forests, forming connections between the last habitats of the European wildcat. The once expansive forests are now fragmented by agriculture, settlements and roads. For strict forest residents such as the European wildcat they are scattered like islands in the sea, but green corridors can offer them new habitats and facilitate the exchange between the isolated regions.

Author(s): BUND
2006 Roadmap To State Highway Safety Laws

Author(s): Advocates for Highway and Auto Safety
A Comparison of the Impacts of Culverts vs. Bridges on Stream Habitat and Aquatic Fauna
A Comparison of the Impacts of Culverts vs. Bridges on Stream Habitat and Aquatic Fauna Report1/2007
An interdisciplinary look at the differences in impacts between culverts and bridges on stream habitat and stream fauna. Four essential components: geomorphology, toxicology, freshwater mussels, fish passage.

Author(s): North Carolina State University and NCDOT
A poem about wildlife and highways

Author(s): David Wagoner
A Rapid, Strong, and Convergent Genetic Response to Urban Habitat Fragmentation in Four Divergent and Widespread Vertebrates
Academic Paper9/2010
Habitat fragmentation by urbanization causes populations of animals and plants to be isolated in patches of suitable habitat surrounded by non-native vegetation, asphalt, concrete, and human structures. This can lead to genetic divergence between patches and to decreased genetic diversity within patches through genetic drift and inbreeding. Authors examined population genetic patterns in four vertebrate species, three lizards and one bird, in urban southern CA. All four showed significant reductions in gene flow over relatively short geographic and temporal scales. For all species, the greatest genetic divergence was found where development was oldest and most intensive, and all showed reduction in gene flow associated with intervening roads and freeways.

Author(s): K. Semple Delaney, S.P.D. Riley, R.N. Fisher
AASHTO Report

Author(s):
AASHTO Transportation and Climate Change Resource Center

Author(s): AASHTO
Ability of Wildlife Overpasses to Provide Connectivity and Prevent Genetic Isolation Ability of Wildlife Overpasses to Provide Connectivity and Prevent Genetic Isolation Academic Paper3/2009
Authors reviewed research on wildlife overpasses in the context of their genetic effectiveness to provide connectivity between population patches that have been isolated by road construction. To assess the genetic effectiveness of wildlife overpasses, long-term monitoring programs, including fieldwork and genetic analyses, are needed.

Author(s): Luca Corlatti, Klaus Hacklander and Fredy Frey-Roos
Advances in Wildlife Crossing Technologies

Author(s): Mary Gray, FHWA
Alaska Spends Millions on Roads and Bridges without Financial Plans to Complete the Projects
Alaska Spends Millions on Roads and Bridges without Financial Plans to Complete the Projects Report2/2010
Represents a statewide analysis of transportation decision-making in Alaska along with recommendations for the Parnell Administration to address systemic problems regarding costly transportation projects. Covers five expensive state transportation projects: Gravina Island Access, Juneau Access Road/Ferry, Knik Arm Bridge, and the Roads to Nome and Umiat.

Author(s): Lois Epstein, Alaska Transportation Priorities Project
American Wildlands Safe Passages Program

Author(s): KBZK News
An Assessment of Laws and Regulations Pertinent to Road and Highway Building On National Forest Land (Habitat Connectivity)
An Assessment of Laws and Regulations Pertinent to Road and Highway Building On National Forest Land (Habitat Connectivity)
Report1/0
A list of laws, regulations and direction that may require analysis or consideration of fish and wildlife connectivity on or across National Forests, and in some situations may require habitat and/or population connectivity.

Author(s): Bill Ruediger
Animal-Vehicle Collision Data Collection

Author(s): WTI: Huijser, Fuller, Wagner, Hardy, Clevenger
Animal-Vehicle Collisions and Habitat Connectivity along montana Highway 83 in the Seeley-Swan Valley, Montana: A Reconnaissance
Animal-Vehicle Collisions and Habitat Connectivity along montana Highway 83 in the Seeley-Swan Valley, Montana: A Reconnaissance
Report1/2006
A report prepared in January of 2006 for the Montana Department of Transportation in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration.

Author(s):
Animal-Vehicle Crash Mitigation Using Advanced Technology
Animal-Vehicle Crash Mitigation Using Advanced Technology

Author(s): Oregon Dept. of Transportation
ARC: International Wildlife Crossing Infrastructure Design Competition

Author(s): ARC
Assessing and Managing the Ecological Impacts of Paved Roads

Author(s): National Academies Press
Assessment of Animal Carcass Disposal Practices of VDOT and Guidance

Author(s): Donaldson & Moruza, VA Transportation Research Council
Assessment of the role of interstate highways as barriers to gene flow and Metapopulation persistence in mammals from Indiana
Assessment of the role of interstate highways as barriers to gene flow and Metapopulation persistence in mammals from Indiana
Report12/2009
Indiana 2009 Wildlife Diversity Report:
The project goal is to determine whether Indiana interstate highways are restricting the movements of wild mammals of various sizes, which may result in declines of these species due to losses in genetic diversity.

Author(s): Indiana Dept. of Natural Resources
Banff National Park - "Survival on the Move" video

Author(s): Parks Canada
Banff Wildlife Crossings Project: Integrating Science and Education in Restoring Population Connectivity Across Transportation Corridors
Report6/2009
Banff research has amassed the most complete and scientifically sound body of information in the world on how wildlife and populations respond to wildlife crossing mitigation. The research provides a basis from which to assess the effectiveness of wildlife crossing structures and provide recommendations to transportation practitioners and wildlife managers on the environmental and societal benefits of these highway infrastructure investments.

Author(s): Tony Clevenger, Adam Ford, Michael Sawaya
Banking and Conservation 2007: Species and Wetland Mitigation Banking <' target='_blank'>Banking and Conservation 2007: Species and Wetland Mitigation Banking

Author(s): B. Von Hagen, B. Raffle, J. Scanlon, Ecosystem Marketplace
Bats and Road Construction
buy cialis online nowBats and Road Construction

Author(s): Road & Hydraulic Engineering Institute, Rijkswaterstaat, Netherlands Public Works Dept.
Beaver trying to cross a highway

Author(s):
Biography of a Bill: Wildlife Crossing Zones Traffic Safety BillBiography of a Bill: Wildlife Crossing Zones Traffic Safety Bill

Author(s): KCFR Colorado Public Radio
Bison and Roads

Author(s): Wildlife Collision Prevention Program
Black Bear Mortalities in the Mountain National Parks: 1990-2009

Author(s): Barbara Bertch & Mike Gibeau, Parks Canada
Blue Highway: Alaska

Author(s): Costa del Mar
Blueprint America: Road to the Future
buy cialis online now<' target='_blank'>Blueprint America: Road to the Future

Author(s): PBS
Bozeman Pass Post-Fencing Wildlife MonitoringBozeman Pass Post-Fencing Wildlife Monitoring

Author(s): WTI-MSU, MDT, FHWA

Author(s): Laurie Ann Macdonald and Sietske Smith, Defenders
California Essential Habitat Connectivity Project: A Strategy for Conserving a Connected California
California Essential Habitat Connectivity Project: A Strategy for Conserving a Connected California Website4/2010
The California Dept of Fish and Game and CalTrans commissioned a team to identify large remaining blocks of intact habitat or natural landscape and model linkages between them that need to be maintained, particularly as corridors for wildlife. Over 60 federal, state, local, tribal and NGOs collaborated in the creation of:
1. A statewide wildlife habitat connectivity map using a Geographic Information System (GIS) based modeling approach;
2. An assessment of the biological value of identified connectivity areas; and
3. A strategic plan that helps varied end users interpret and use the statewide map and outlines a methodology necessary for completing connectivity analyses at finer spatial scales.

Author(s): CA Dept. of Fish & Game, CalTrans
California Roadkill Observation System

Author(s): UC Davis<
Cars, Critters, Culverts

Author(s): Andy Adkins, LifeOnTerra
Caught in the Headlights

Author(s): High Plains Films
Citizen, Science, Highways, and Wildlife: Using a Web-based GIS to Engage Citizens in Collecting Wildlife Information
Citizen, Science, Highways, and Wildlife: Using a Web-based GIS to Engage Citizens in Collecting Wildlife Information Academic Paper1/2006
Road Watch in the Pass is a citizen-science project that engages local citizens in reporting wildlife observations along a 44-km stretch of Highway 3 through Crowsnest Pass in southwestern Alberta, Canada. The numbers of wildlife vehicle collisions and a recent proposal to expand the highway have raised concerns from both human safety and wildlife conservation perspectives. Through the use of a web-based GIS, interested citizens can contribute information that will be instrumental in making final decisions concerning measures to mitigate the effects of highway expansion.

Author(s): Tracy Lee, Michael S. Quinn, and Danah Duke
Climate Change 101: Understanding and Responding to Global Climate Change

Author(s): Pew Center on Global Climate Change
Climate Disruption and Connectivity: Toward a Strategy for Nature Protection
Climate Disruption and Connectivity: Toward a Strategy for Nature Protection Report1/2010
White paper synthesizing the science of global climate change and how it will affect biological diversity. A comprehensive review of the latest scientific literature. Connected networks of protected lands, at the continental scale, are necessary to buffer the impact of climate disruption on biological diversity and to allow for flexibility and adaptation by flora and fauna.

Author(s): Wildlands Network & Barbara Dugelby, Round River Conservation Studies
Coastal Sprawl: The Effects of Urban Design on Aquatic Ecosystems in the U.S.
Coastal Sprawl: The Effects of Urban Design on Aquatic Ecosystems in the U.S. Report1/2002
Population growth, runaway land consumption, dysfunctional suburban development patterns, and exponential growth in automobile use are the engines of pollution and habitat degradation on the coast. Efforts to reform development patterns offer solutions to the coastal management challenge; this report offers strategies and tools for reform.

Author(s): Pew Oceans Commission
Colorado Legislative Conservation Scorecard for 2010

Author(s): Colorado Conservation Voters
Colorado State Bill Designating Wildlife Crossing Zones

Author(s):
Comment Letter Template to State DOT about Long-Range Transportation Plan
Comment Letter Template to State DOT about Long-Range Transportation Plan

Author(s): Defenders of Wildlife
Committee on Ecology and Transportation Newsletter

Author(s): Transportation Research Board
Comparison of Methods of Monitoring Wildlife Crossing-Structures on Highways Academic Paper9/2009
The study analyzed efficacy of two noninvasive methods used to monitor wildlife crossing structures used by large mammals: tracking and motion-activated cameras. Fifteen structures were monitored btwn June and October 2007 along the Trans-Canada Highway in Alberta, Canada. Objectives were to determine how species-specific detection rates are biased by the detection method used, to determine factors contributing to crossing-event detection, and to evaluate the most cost-effective approach to monitoring. Crossing-event detection was affected by species, track-pad length, and number of animals using the crossing structure. Cameras are more cost-effective than track-pads for study durations less than 1 year.

Author(s): Adam Ford, Tony Clevenger, Andrew Bennett
Completing a Wildlife Habitat System for the Nation

Author(s): Wildlife Habitat Policy Research Program, NCSE
Conservation in the West

Author(s): Lori Weigel of Public Opinion Strategies, Dave Metz of FM3
Conservation: An Investment That Pays

Author(s): The Trust for Public Land
Conserving Vermon't Natural HeritageConserving Vermon't Natural Heritage

Author(s): Vermont Fish and Wildlife Dept. & Agency of Natural Resources
Conserving Wildlife On and Around Maine’s Roads

Author(s): Beginning with Habitat, Maine Audubon, Maine DOT
Core Connections, Southern Rockies Ecosystem Project NewsletterCore Connections, Southern Rockies Ecosystem Project Newsletter

Author(s): Southern Rockies Ecosystem Project (SREP)
Creating a Wildlife Overpass in Nevada

Author(s): KMVT11
CREATING CONGESTION: Why Building More Roads Increases Traffic
Critter Crossings: Linking Habitats and Reducing Roadkill
CTE Wildlife Crossings Field Course

Author(s):
Design of Bridges and Culverts for Wildlife Passages at Freshwater Streams
Design of Bridges and Culverts for Wildlife Passages at Freshwater Streams

Author(s): Massachusetts Dept. of Transportation (MassDOT)
Developing Effective Highway Crossings for Carnivores and Other Wildlife

Author(s):
Directory of State Departments of Transportation
Disney's Highways of the Future

Author(s): Disney
Do Wildlife Passages Act As Prey-Traps?
Do Wildlife Passages Act As Prey-Traps?

Author(s): Stuart Little, Robert Harcourt, Tony Clevenger
Do’s and Don’ts: What Public Opinion Research Tells Us About Conservation Communications Reference12/2010
Public opinion research conducted over the last several years gives us insights into what works and what needs to be changed about conservation communications. This concise document provides some "dos and don’ts" to follow for a more effective, audience-centered communications effort.

Author(s): The Steve Alexander Group
Don't Veer for Deer! Vehicle/Deer Safety Begins with You

Author(s): Michigan Deer Crash Coalition
dotWild: The experts blog for Defenders of Wildlife

Author(s): Defenders of Wildlife
Drainage Culverts as Habitat Linkages and Factors Affecting Passage by Mammals Academic Paper1/2001
Culverts are frequent features of road design, but little is known about their effects on wildlife. The authors surveyed several species of small mammal using the culverts and determined that road size, noise and usage affected animal movement. They recommend the frequent use of varying sizes of culverts along with vegetation to link populations across roads.

Author(s): Anthony P. Clevenger, Bryan Chruszcz and Kari Gunson
Driver Safety - Practice Animal Avoidance

Author(s): Jacobs
Ecological Effects of Roads on Amphibians and Reptiles: A Literature Review
Ecological Effects of Roads on Amphibians and Reptiles: A Literature Review

Author(s): Kimberly Andrews, J. Whitfield Gibbons, Denim Jochimsen
Ecological Effects of Roads: Towards Three Summary Indices and an Overview for North America Academic Paper1/1996
Provides an overview of road effects on wildlife and identifies and examines three concepts or indices that may be useful in assessing the diverse and cumulative ecological impacts of roads: road density, road location, and the road-effect zone. Identifies 11 rare and threatened species for which roadkill is a significant factor in population decline; also briefly describes a number of successful wildlife crossing structures.

Author(s): Forman, Friedman, Fitzhenry, Martin, Chen, Alexander
Effectiveness of Wildlife Underpasses and Fencing to Reduce Wildlife–Vehicle Collisions Academic Paper11/2010
Authors used camera and track surveys to evaluate wildlife use before and after construction of 3 wildlife underpasses and fencing on a new section of US Hwy 64 in NC. White-tailed deer use of underpass areas averaged 6.7 times greater after the new highway and underpasses were completed. Within fenced highway segments, mortalities were lowest near underpasses and increased with distance from the underpasses. The new section of Hwy 64 experienced approximately 58 fewer wildlife mortalities, suggesting underpasses and fencing reduced the number of deer–vehicle collisions.

Author(s): Matthew McCollister
Effects of Paved Roads on Birds: A Literature Review and Recommendations for the Yellowstone to Yukon Ecoregion Report3/2011
Y2Y commissioned a report to investigate the effects of paved roads and traffic on birds. It concluded that many bird species avoid roaded habitats for some part of their life cycle. Traffic volume and noise, as well as vehicle collisions, affect breeding populations. Birds have a high diversity of niches and serve as valuable indicators of environmental conditions. In North America, at least 20 "common" species have lost more than 50 of their continental population, and more than half of neotropical migrant species populations have declined in the past four decades. Paved roads are a pervasive feature on the landscape and their ecological effects on vertebrate wildlife have been well documented. The Y2Y Initiative Society has developed an avian conservation strategy that uses 20 focal species to represent the needs of 109 species of concern in the region. Data were obtained on bird distributions and were used to identify avian biodiversity hotspots and habitat associations of focal species.


Author(s): Angela Kociolek, Anthony Clevenger
Effects of Roads and Traffic on Wildlife Populations and Landscape Function

Author(s): Ecology and Society
Elk Crossing Road as Part of Huge Elk Migration

Author(s):
Elk Crossing Road in Estes Park, CO

Author(s):
Elk Jumping Wrong Way Up Escape Ramp - Video
Elk Jumping Wrong Way Up Escape Ramp - Video

Author(s): Arizona Game & Fish Department
Enhancing Wetlands and Watersheds Using Wetland Banking, Land Trusts and Preservation Within Transportation Mitigation Academic Paper4/2005
An analysis of the North Carolina Ecosystem Enhancement Program.

Author(s): Marta Anderson, John F. Kennedy School of Governme
Environmental Corridor Management NCHRP 2525/63

Author(s): AASHTO
Environmental Review Toolkit Homepage

Author(s): Federal Highway Administration
European Commission Conference on Green Infrastructure Implementation

Author(s): European Commission - Environment
Evaluation of the Use and Effectiveness Of Wildlife Crossings - NCHRP 25-27
Evaluation of the Use and Effectiveness Of Wildlife Crossings - NCHRP 25-27

Author(s): National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Transportation Research Board of The National Academies
Evaluation of Wildlife Crossing Structures and Fencing on US Highway 93 Evaro to Polson - Phase I: Preconstruction Data Collection and Finalization of Evaluation Plan
Evaluation of Wildlife Crossing Structures and Fencing on US Highway 93 Evaro to Polson - Phase I: Preconstruction Data Collection and Finalization of Evaluation Plan
Report12/2006
The reconstruction US Highway 93 on the Flathead Indian Reservation in northwestern Montana provides an opportunity to evaluate how wildlife crossing structures and wildlife fencing affect animal-vehicle collisions and wildlife movements Reconstruction will include installations of 42 fish and wildlife crossing structures and approximately 15 miles of wildlife fences.

Author(s): Montana Department of Transportation
Evidence that a Highway Reduces Apparent Survival Rates of Squirrel Gliders

Author(s): S.C. McCall, M.A. McCarthy, R. van der Ree, .J. Harper, S. Cesarini, K. Soanes, Ecology and Society
Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Wildlife Underpasses in Banff National Park, Alberta, Canada Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Wildlife Underpasses in Banff National Park, Alberta, Canada Academic Paper2/2000
This study focused on the effect of wildlife underpasses in Banff National Park on several species of large mammals to determine how effective this strategy is at linking populations across highways.

Author(s): Anthony P. Clevenger and Nigel Waltho
FHWA Eco-Logical Environmental Review Toolkit

Author(s):
FHWA STEP 2008 Accomplishments Fact Sheet

Author(s): FHWA Surface Transportation Environment and Planning Cooperative Research Program (STEP)
Finding Biological Information on the Web with Raptor

Author(s): USGS
Flexibility in Highway Design
Flooding in Vermont Forces Wildlife onto Roads

Author(s): WPTZ 5 News
Floods Wash Out Road and Culvert

Author(s): WMTW - Kevyn Fowler
Flying Squirrels Using Crossing Structures in North Carolina

Author(s): NC Wildlife Resources Commission
Freedom to Roam Multimedia Presentation

Author(s): Freedom to Roam
Freeport, ME Road Collapse

Author(s): Kevyn Fowler, News 8
French Wildlife Crossings

Author(s): ASFA
Funding Sources for Transportation Research: Competitive Programs

Author(s): Transportation Research Board
GAP Analysis Program Land Cover Viewer

Author(s): USGS
Getting Back on Track: Climate Change and State Transportation Policy

Author(s): National Resources Defense Council, Smart Growth America
GIS-Generated, Expert-Based Models for Identifying Wildlife Habitat Linkages and Planning Mitigation Passages Academic Paper4/2002
Three black bear habitat models were developed to determine linkage areas across a major transportation corridor. One was based on empirical data, the second was based on expert literature, and the final one was based on scientific opinion. These were compared with empirical evidence to determine the effectiveness of each. This would give transportation planners and idea of the best method to use when selecting appropriate sites for mitigation.

Author(s): Anthony P. Clevenger, Jack Wierzchowski, Bryan Chruszcz and Kari Gunson
Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States
buy cialis online n' target='_blank'>Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States

Author(s): US Global Change Research Program
Gold Creek Witness for Wildlife in Washington State

Author(s): Conservation Northwest
Green Infrastructure Principles and Planning ToolsGreen Infrastructure Principles and Planning Tools

Author(s): Virginia's Green Infrastructure Center
Greening the Crossroads: A Green Infrastructure Vision for Central Indiana
buy c' target='_blank'>Greening the Crossroads: A Green Infrastructure Vision for Central Indiana

Author(s): The Conservation Fund & Central Indiana Land Trust
Guide to Seeking Transportation Enhancement Program Funds

Author(s):
Guidelines for Culvert Construction to Accomodate Fish and Wildlife Movement and Passage Guidelines for Culvert Construction to Accomodate Fish and Wildlife Movement and Passage Report11/2006
General guidelines to assist in the design, planning, and placement of culverts to minimize impacts to and ensure fish and wildlife passage and movement. Includes recommendations for types of structures used to accommodate large, medium, and small mammals, bats, amphibians and reptiles, fish, multiple animal type use, and post-construction monitoring.


Author(s): AZ Game & Fish Dept., Habitat Branch
Habitat and Highways: Ten Years on the Road

Author(s): Defenders of Wildlife
Habitat Corridors and Landscape Connectivity: Clarifying the Terminology

Author(s): Center for Large Landscape Conservation
Harbor Boulevard Wildlife Underpass Photos - Los Angeles, CA

Author(s): Natl. Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
Hearing: High Priority Project Program

Author(s): U.S. House Transportation & Infrastructure Committee
Hearing: Recovery Act 10-Week Progress Report for Transportation and Infrastructure Programs
Hearing: Recovery Act 10-Week Progress Report for Transportation and Infrastructure Programs Hearing Summary4/2009
The Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure held a hearing to examine progress to date on implementing the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. The hearing addressed implementation efforts in programs across the Committee's jurisdictions, including highways, bridges, public transportation, rail, aviation, waterway, flood control, water resource development, wastewater treatement facilities, hazardous waste clean-ups, economic development, and Federal buildings.

Author(s): House Transportation & Infrastructure Committee
Hearing: The Future of National Surface Transportation Policy
bu' target='_blank'>Hearing: The Future of National Surface Transportation Policy

Author(s): U.S. House Committee on Commerce, Science, & Transportation
Highway 3 Transportation Corridor: Wildlife Management and Mitigation Assessment Project <
Highway 3 Transportation Corridor: Wildlife Management and Mitigation Assessment Project < Report7/2010
The Highway 3 transportation corridor bisects the Yellowstone to Yukon region and is a significant barrier to wildlife connectivity in the Rocky Mountain Cordillera. Maintaining wildlife movement through the region and across the Hwy 3 corridor requires signage, fencing, overpasses and underpasses. Unabridged and short reports are available.

Author(s): Western Transportation Institute
Highway Effects on Wildlife Distribution in Calakmul and Balam-Ku, Mexico

Author(s): EASAC
Highway Median Impacts on Wildlife Movement and Mortality
Highway Median Impacts on Wildlife Movement and Mortality

Author(s): Anthony Clevenger and Angela Kociolek, WTI
Highway mitigation fencing reduces wildlife-vehicle collisions

Author(s): Anthony P. Clevenger, Bryan Chruszcz and Kari Gunson
Highways and Habitats: Managing Habitat Connectivity and Landscape Permeability for Wildlife
Highways and Habitats: Managing Habitat Connectivity and Landscape Permeability for Wildlife Report1/2006
This Pacific Northwest Research Station nontechnical publication describe the highways and landscape permeability work that Peter Singleton has done over several years, including the work Interstate 90.

Author(s): Jonathan Thompson, USDA Pacific NW Research Station
House Hearing on Climate in Transportation Infrastructure - March 31, 2009House Hearing on Climate in Transportation Infrastructure - March 31, 2009

Author(s): U.S. House Committee on Science & Technology
House Transportation Planning Hearing - January 27, 2009

Author(s): U.S. House Transportation Committee
House Transportation Planning Hearing - September 18, 2008

Author(s): U.S. House Transportation Committee
How Solar Energy Can Help Meet America’s Growing Energy NeedsHow Solar Energy Can Help Meet America’s Growing Energy Needs

Author(s):
How to Avoid a Moose or Deer Collision

Author(s): WikiHow
I-70 Wildlife Watch

Author(s): Center for Native Ecosystems, Eco-resolutions
I-90 Snoqualmie Pass East Project Final Environmental Impact Statement

Author(s): Washington State DOT
I-90 Snoqualmie Past East Project: Burl the Squirrel Activity Book
buy cialis online now' target='_blank'>I-90 Snoqualmie Past East Project: Burl the Squirrel Activity Book

Author(s): Washington State DOT
I-90 Wildlife Watch

Author(s): I-90 Wildlife Bridges Coalition, WTI, WSDOT, Conservation Northwest
Identifying the Best Locations Along Highways to Provide Safe Crossing Opportunities for Wildlife Academic Paper8/2003
Providing mid- and large-sized mammals with safe opportunities to cross roadways can reduce the impacts of highways on wildlife. To maximize effectiveness, this type of mitigation must be placed in locations where animals naturally approach and cross the highway. This study suggests that both the design of a highway and its placement in the landscape should be considered when creating mitigation projects to help wildlife safely cross a highway.

Author(s): Sarah A. Barnum, M.S., Ph.D.
IDENTIFYING WILDLIFE CROSSING ZONES FOR THE PRIORITIZATION OF HIGHWAY MITIGATION MEASURES ALONG U.S. HIGHWAY 2: WEST GLACIER, MT TO MILEPOST 193
Academic Paper5/2010
Highways have been shown to fragment wildlife habitats and populations. In order to
mitigate the effects that highways have on wildlife, it is important to assess where
wildlife appear to be moving in close proximity to the highway. I surveyed for wildlife
trails that approached either side of a ~64 km stretch U.S. Highway 2 (US-2) and
monitored these trails with remote cameras. Ungulates, especially deer, were the most
commonly photographed animals on trails. A limited number of photographs were also
taken of coyote, black bear, snowshoe hare, wolf, and cougar. Camera images showed
that wildlife tended to use roadside trails during hours of lower traffic volumes. I used
multiple logistic regression at three scales (50 m, 250 m, and 500 m) followed by model
selection with Akaike’s Information Criterion to assess the impacts of certain
landscape features on the location of wildlife trails (used) versus randomly generated
points (unused). I examined the clustering of wildlife trails and found them to be
clustered at all distance scales less than 39 km—with the strongest clustering occurring
at the 5-8 km scales. The 5 km segment of highway with the highest density of trails
was located from Milepost (MP) 181-184. Crossing zones were delineated based on a
combination of the number of trails, previously identified wildlife crossings, camera
incidents-per-day, potential parcels of land for conservation, and highway and railroad
structures in a given area (usually a 5 km segment). The results of this study may serve
as useful baseline information to the Great Northern Environmental Stewardship Area
working group (GNESA) and its partners to help guide future research and mitigation
projects in the US-2 corridor.

Author(s): MICHAEL JAMES ROESCH
Incidence of Intentional Vehicle–Reptile Collisions

Author(s): E. P. Ashley, et al.
Influence of Roads on the Florida Panther

Author(s): Autumn Schwab
Infra Eco Network Europe (IENE)

Author(s): IENE
Integrating Transportation Planning and NEPA Decision-MakingIntegrating Transportation Planning and NEPA Decision-Making

Author(s): AASHTO Center for Environmental Excellence

Author(s): Transportation Research Board
Investigation of Deer-Vehicle Crash Data and Countermeasure Implementation in Texas Report2/2008
Report sponsored by the Texas Transportation Institute at Texas A&M University. The project investigated the status of DVC data and countermeasure implementation in Texas; two meetings on the subject were sponsored.

Author(s): Keith Knapp
Iosis on the road in Finland

Author(s):
Keeping It Simple: Easy Ways to Help Wildlife Along Roads
Key Practices for Implementing Geospatial Technologies for a Planning and Environmental Linkages (PEL) Approach
Key Practices for Implementing Geospatial Technologies for a Planning and Environmental Linkages (PEL) Approach Report7/2008
A July 2008 report on the potential for GIS use to create comprehensive planning that accounts for both transportation and environmental goals.

Author(s): U.S. Department of Transportation
Killer Roads

Author(s): Susan Cerulean
Land Use and Driving: The Role Compact Development Can Play in Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Land Use and Driving: The Role Compact Development Can Play in Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Report1/2010
Link to download full report.
Three recent publications, "Moving Cooler", "Growing Cooler", and "Driving and the Built Environment", document and attempt to quantify the effectiveness of compact development as a tool to reduce GHG emissions. Compact development offers a host of benefits, from providing more walkable, livable, healthy communities to saving on regional infrastructure costs. Based on exhaustive analyses of urban planning research and the formulation of new scenario-based models, the publications all find that, compared to historically sprawling land use patterns, compact development reduces driving and GHG emissions over time.

Author(s): Urban Land Institute
Large Landscape Conservation: A Strategic Framework for Policy and Action

Author(s): M. McKinney, L. Scarlett, D. Kemmis
Linking Environmental Resource and Transportation Planning

Author(s): National Cooperative Highway Research Program
Literature Synthesis of the Effects of Roads and Vehicles on Amphibians and Reptiles Report10/2006
This FHWA report summarizes the ongoing work on the behavioral, physiological and ecological effects of roads and vehicles on reptiles and amphibians. This includes the direct effects of injury and death as well as the indirect impact roads have on habitat, population dynamics, and dispersal.

Author(s): Kimberly Andrews, Whitfield Gibbons, and Denim Jochimsen
Losing Ground: At What Cost?

Author(s): Kevin Breunig, Mass Audubon
Maine Audubon Wildlife Road Watch

Author(s): Maine Audubon
Making Your Presentation Stick

Author(s): Chip Heath
Management Considerations for Designing Carnivore Highway Crossings

Author(s): Bill Ruediger
Managing Environmental Impacts of Linear Corridors and Infrastructure

Author(s):
Massachusetts River and Stream Crossing Standards

Author(s): River and Stream Continuity Partnership
Report
This report from Smart Growth America and the Surface Transportation Policy Project presents the first national study to show that people who live in counties marked by sprawl-style development tend to weigh more, are more likely to be obese and are more likely to suffer from high blood pressure.

Author(s): Barbara A. McCann, Reid Ewing
Methods to Reduce Traffic Crashes Involving Deer

Author(s): Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
Milepost 314

Author(s): Anne Devereux, LifeOnTerra
Moving Cooler: Transportation Policies for Reducing GHG Emissions

Author(s): Urban Land Institute
Moving Toward Climate Change AdaptationMoving Toward Climate Change Adaptation

Author(s): Y2Y: L. Graumlich & W. Francis
Natural Capital Project - Toolbox

Author(s): The Woods Institute for the Environment
New Approaches to Ecological Surveys

Author(s): Patricia Cramer, Utah State University
New Effort to Prevent Elk Collisions in Washington State
buy cialis online nowNew Effort to Prevent Elk Collisions in Washington State

Author(s): KING5 News
Ontario Road Ecology Group Wildlife Sightings collection

Author(s): Ontario Road Ecology Group
Book1/2001
Interest has grown in Smart Growth as a mechanism for improving environmental quality. In this book, the EPA summarizes technical research on the relationship between the built and natural environments, as well as current understanding of the role of development patterns, urban design, and transportation in improving environmental quality.

Author(s): Enivronmental Protection Agency
Our Nation’s Wildlife Habitats

Author(s): Wildlife Habitat Policy Research Program, NCSEPiloting a Non-Invasive Genetic Sampling Method for Evaluating Population-Level Benefits of Wildlife Crossing Structures
Piloting a Non-Invasive Genetic Sampling Method for Evaluating Population-Level Benefits of Wildlife Crossing Structures Academic Paper1/2010
To assess whether wildlife crossing structures provide benefits to enhance the viability of wildlife populations, studies need to determine the number of individuals using crossings, their sex, and their genetic relationships -- molecular techniques now make this possible from hair samples collected through non-invasive genetic sampling (NGS). Authors tested the feasibility of a prototype NGS system designed to sample hair from black bears and grizzly bears, as well as non-target carnivore species, at two wildlife underpasses.

Author(s): Anthony Clevenger and Michael Sawaya
Planners Energy and Climate Database

Author(s): American Planning Association & Environmental and Energy Study Institute
Potential Impacts of Climate Change on U.S. Transportation

Author(s): Transportation Research Board
Potential Wildlife Crossing Structures at Avra Valley / I-10

Author(s): Coalition for Sonoran Desert Protection' target='_blank'>Preacher Canyon Wildlife Fence and Crosswalk Enhancement Project Evaluation
Preacher Canyon Wildlife Fence and Crosswalk Enhancement Project Evaluation

Author(s): AZ Game & Fish Dept.
Precious Heritage: The Status of Biodiversity in the United States
buy cialis online nowPrecious Heritage: The Status of Biodiversity in the United States

Author(s): Bruce A. Stein, Lynn S. Kutner, Jonathan S. Adams
Presentations from 9th Annual New Partners for Smart Growth Conference

Author(s): New Partners for Smart Growth
Presentations from Sept 2008 TRB Conference

Author(s): Transportation Research Board
Primer on Transportation and Climate Change

Author(s): AASHTO
Project Noah

Author(s): NYU’s Interactive Telecommunications Program, National Geographic
Projects and Paychecks: Wyoming on the Road to Recovery

Author(s): AASHTO
Pronghorn Migration Impeded by Roads in Wyoming

Author(s): National Geographic Wild Chronicles
Protected Areas Database of the U.S.

Author(s): U.S. Geological Survey
Protected Areas Database of the U.S.

Author(s): PAD-US Partnership
Recent Lessons from the Stimulus: Transportation Funding and Job Creation

Author(s): Smart Growth America
Relationships Between Lighting and Animal-Vehicle Collisions

Author(s): John Sullivan, Univ. of Michigan Transportation Research Institute
Reproductive rate and body size predict road impacts on mammal abundance

Author(s): Trina Rytwinski and Lenore Fahrig, Ecological Applications
Restoration of Carnivore Habitat Connectivity in the Northern Rocky Mountains Academic Paper9/1999
The Northern Rocky Mountains are the best location in the lower 48 states to maintain functioning communities of large and mid-sized carnivores. Highways and railroads have created significant habitat fragmentation, habitat loss, mortality and other threats to these species. This paper identifies "key linkage areas" across the Northern Rocky Mountains (including highways) and recommends that planners shift towards analyzing "geographic areas" when assessing impacts of highways on wide-ranging carnivores.

Author(s): Bill Ruediger; Endangered Species Program Leader,
Review of Ecological Effects of Roads on Terrestrial and Aquatic Communities Academic Paper2/2000
This study reviews the scientific literature on the ecological effects of roads and concludes that roads are associated with negative effects on biotic integrity in both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Roads of all kinds have seven general effects: mortality from road construction, mortality from collision with vehicles, modification of animal behavior, alteration of the physical environment, alteration of the chemical environment, spread of exotics, and increased use of areas by humans. The presence of roads is highly correlated with changes in species composition, population sizes, and hydrologic and geomorphic processes that shape aquatic and riparian systems.

Author(s): Stephen C. Trombulak and Christopher A. Frissell
Right of Way: Giving Animals Safe Passage Across Roadways

Author(s): Patricia Cramer, Shauna Leavitt
Road Ecology: Science and Solutions

Author(s): Richard T.T. Forman, et al.
Road Impacts on Abundance, Call Traits, and Body Size of Rainforest Frogs in Northeast Australia Academic Paper1/2010
This study investigated effects on frog abundance and calling behavior where a busy highway crosses rainforest stream breeding habitat in northeast Australia. Abundance of two species increased significantly with perpendicular distance from the road along two transects. Potential mechanisms, effects on fitness, and management recommendations to mitigate the impacts of roads on frogs are outlined.

Author(s): C.J. Hoskin and M.W. Goosem, Ecology and Society
Road kill at record levels in North Idaho

Author(s): KXLY News 4
Road kills: Assessing insect casualties in India using flagship taxon

Author(s): R. Shyama Prasad Rao and M. K. Saptha Girish
Road Permability for Animals - Guidelines for Construction

Author(s): Institut Gradevinarsdtva Hrvatske
Road-kills affect avian population quality

Author(s): Bujoczek, Ciach, Yosef
Roadkill Blog

Author(s):
Roadkill...the other white meat

Author(s): Zaproot
Roadkilltas.com

Author(s):
Roads, Interrupted Dispersal, and Genetic Diversity in Timber RattlesnakesRoads, Interrupted Dispersal, and Genetic Diversity in Timber Rattlesnakes

Author(s): R. Clark, W. Brown, R. Stechert, K. Zamudio

Author(s): Bonnie Harper-Lore & Maggie Wilson (eds.)
Safe Journeys: Opportunities for Wildlife Corridor Conservation Through the Farm Bill Report2/2009
The conservation incentives programs in the 2008 Farm Bill offer a number of opportunities for Western states to protect and restore wildlife migration corridors and crucial habitat areas. This report from the Environmental Defense Fund discusses habitat corridors as integral parts of State Wildlife Action Plans. The WGA Wildlife Corridors Initiative is addressed, and the report advises that Wildlife Action Plans target where Farm Bill programs are used to engage private landowners in conserving key wildlife corridors.

Author(s): Environmental Defense Fund
Salamander Crossing in Monkton, VT
buy cialis online nowSalamander Crossing in Monkton, VT

Author(s): FOXNews
Searching for Signs of Life on I-90
Searching for Signs of Life on I-90

Author(s): Paula MacKay

Author(s): Patricia A. White and Michelle Ernst<
Academic Paper
Transportation systems negatively impact wildlife by increasing direct and indirect mortality and by destroying, degrading and fragmenting habitat. This paper guides citizen participation in the transportation planning process, using Florida as a model. It describes Floridas transportation planning, road-building and regulatory processes, and how wildlife advocates can work within them to influence transportation decisions. Some innovative approaches to transportation planning in Florida are described.

Author(s): Jennifer D. McMurtray, Transportation and Wildlife
Senate Hearing on Transportation Investment - March 25, 2009
buy cia' target='_blank'>Senate Hearing on Transportation Investment - March 25, 2009

Author(s): U.S. Senate Committee on Environment & Public Works
Shooting the Gap: Wildlife and the Trans-Canada Highway in Banff National Park
Shooting the Gap: Wildlife and the Trans-Canada Highway in Banff National Park Website/Video1/2000
A 24-minute video highlighting the highway which runs through Canadas oldest and most visited national park. It focuses on the efforts made by Parks Canada to improve the situation for wildlife and drivers by maintaining miles of fencing as well as several large wildlife overpasses tom allow migration and movement while reducing the odds of wildlife-vehicle collisions.

Author(s): Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society
Sloth crossing road in Costa Rica

Author(s):
Smart Green Infrastructure in Tiger Range Countries: A Multi-Level Approach
buy cialis online now' target='_blank'>Smart Green Infrastructure in Tiger Range Countries: A Multi-Level Approach

Author(s): Quintero, Roca, Morgan, and Mathur, Global Tiger Initiative
Snapping Turtle Crosses Storrow Drive in Boston, MA

Author(s): WHDH 7 News
State Climate Action PlansState Climate Action Plans

Author(s): Pew Center on Global Climate Change
State Farm's 2009 Top Ten List for States with Most Deer-Vehicle Collisions

Author(s): State Farm Insurance
State Implementation of ARRA Transportation Provisions

Author(s): National Conference of State Legislatures
State of the Rockies - 2009 Report Card

Author(s): The Colorado College
State Route 260 “Elk Crosswalk”

Author(s): AZ Game & Fish Dept.
States with Highest Number of Fatalities from Wildlife-Vehicle Collisions

Author(s): Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
Steep, Not Cheap

Author(s):
STPPs Guide to TEA-21
Strategic Agenda for Reducing Deer-Vehicle Crashes
Strategic Agenda for Reducing Deer-Vehicle Crashes

Author(s):
Stream Simulation: An Ecological Approach to Providing Passage for Aquatic Organisms at Road-Stream Crossings Stream Simulation: An Ecological Approach to Providing Passage for Aquatic Organisms at Road-Stream Crossings Report8/2008
The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Forest Service has released a report that explores stream simulation-a method for designing and building road-stream crossings intended to permit free and unrestricted movements of any aquatic species. Stream simulation applies to crossing structures on any transportation network, including roads, trails, and railroads.

Author(s): U.S. Forest Service
Summary Report of Peer Workshop on Adaptation to Climate Change Impacts

Author(s): Federal Highway Administration
Taking the High Road: Protecting Open Space Along Americas Highways

Author(s): Preston L. Schiller, Ph.D., The Trust for Public L
Taking the High Road: Treetop Bridges for Arboreal Mammals

Author(s): Hans Bekker
Temporary Bridging To Avoid Or Minimize Impacts To Waters And Wetlands During Highway Construction
Temporary Bridging To Avoid Or Minimize Impacts To Waters And Wetlands During Highway Construction Report9/2008
Road construction or maintenance work near waterways has the potential to create unintended environmental impacts. The use of temporary bridging is an alternative that can save time and money while minimizing or avoiding impacts on the environment. This digest will be useful for any transportation professionals involved in the design, construction, or maintenance of road facilities in proximity to waters and wetlands.

Author(s): Christopher Hedges/National Cooperative Highway Research Program
TERRApod: Road Ecology (Episode 2)

Author(s): Terra and WTI
TERRApod: Road Ecology (Episode 3)

Author(s): Terra and WTI
Terrestrial Ecosystem Adaptation

Author(s): Steven W. Running and L. Scott Mills, Resources For the Future
The $61 Million Question: How Can Transportation Enhancements Benefit Wildlife? Report6/2008
Transportation Enhancements is a sadly underutilized program that could provide as much as $61 million per year for restoring wildlife habitat connectivity and reducing wildlife vehicle collisions.

Author(s): Trisha White, Jesse Feinberg, Defenders of Wildlife
The Bambi Factor

Author(s): Jeff Bailey, Reader
The Comparison of Animal Detection Systems in a Test-Bed
The Comparison of Animal Detection Systems in a Test-Bed

Author(s): WTI: Huijser, Holland, Blank, Greenwood, McGown, Hubbard, Wang
The Conservation Registry

Author(s): Defenders of Wildlife and The Conservation Registry Partners
The Crossing

Author(s): Raymond Hudson
THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR’S ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTIONS
buy cialis online nowTHE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR’S ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTIONS

Author(s): Department of Interior
The Effects of Roads on Natural Resources

Author(s): Natasha Kline, Saguaro National Park
The Effects of Roads on Wildlife: Bibliography

Author(s): Clifford G. Nietvelt
The Environmental Quarterly - July 2008

Author(s): Federal Highway Administration Resource Center
The Impact of Highway Plantings on Bird Mortality

Author(s): Dr. Bryan D. Watts, Director, Center for Conservat
The Language of Conservation

Author(s): Fairbank, Maslin, Maullin, Metz
The Next Generation of Mitigation

Author(s): Environmental Law Institute, The Nature Conservancy
The PEL Implementation Resource Guide

Author(s): Federal Highway Administration
The Road Indicator Project (TRIP) - Roadless Space in America

Author(s): USGS
The Road Not Taken: A Conservation Title for Transportation
The Road Not Taken: A Conservation Title for Transportation

Author(s): TransWild Alliance
Report
The report is about a landmark law requiring the federal government to examine alternatives and seek to minimize harmful effects of federally funded projects, like highways, which have the potential to damage our health, environment and quality of life. The national Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), which took effect in 1970, requires that federal agencies study and disclose the environmental effects of their actions and include the public in the decision-making process for federally funded projects.
The Roadkill Project

Author(s): Brewster Bartlett, aka Dr. Splatt
The Roadscape Guide: Tools to Preserve Scenic Road Corridors<' target='_blank'>The Roadscape Guide: Tools to Preserve Scenic Road Corridors

Author(s): Champlain Valley Greenbelt Alliance, Vermot Forum on Sprawl
buy cialis online nowThe Role of Citizen Participation in Wildlife-Sensitive Transportation Projects
The Role of Citizen Participation in Wildlife-Sensitive Transportation Projects Academic Paper3/2006
This capstone project examines the role of citizen advocacy for promoting wildlife protection in the planning and development of wildlife-sensitive transportation projects in the United States. Four major barriers to facilitating effective
citizen participation processes were identified, and four recommendations were provided to help overcome these barriers and to define a better role for citizen advocacy in protecting wildlife from the growing road network.

Author(s): Laura Archerd
The Secret Lives of Wild Animals - White-tailed Deer

Author(s):
The State of the Nations Ecosystems 2008: Measuring the Lands, Water, and Living Resources of the United States The State of the Nations Ecosystems 2008: Measuring the Lands, Water, and Living Resources of the United States Book9/2008
Revised and updated periodically, The State of the Nation’s Ecosystems is widely recognized as America’s most comprehensive report on the condition of our lands, waters, and living resources. Like the acclaimed first edition, this second edition provides nonpartisan, scientifically reliable information for policymakers, scientists, journalists, and anyone who is interested in the state of America’s environment.

Author(s): The H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economic
The Tonight Show with Jeff Corwin (Part I)<' target='_blank'>The Tonight Show with Jeff Corwin (Part I)

Author(s): The Tonight Show with Jay Leno
The Tonight Show with Jeff Corwin (Part II)<' target='_blank'>The Tonight Show with Jeff Corwin (Part II)

Author(s): The Tonight Show with Jay Leno
Think Moose

Author(s): New Brunswick Department of Transportation
Threatened and Endangered Species...and Roads

Author(s): Becky Beard, Defenders of Wildlife
TIGER II Grants: Fast Facts

Author(s): Rick McKenna, compiled from USDOT info
Toad on the road: Use of roads as dispersal corridors by cane toads (Bufo marinus) at an invasion front in tropical Australia
Toad on the road: Use of roads as dispersal corridors by cane toads (Bufo marinus) at an invasion front in tropical Australia
Academic Paper1/2006
This study sought to determine the impact of roads on the dispersal of the cane toad in Australia. Cane toads are an exotic invasive in Australia and cause considerable damage to native wildlife.

Author(s): Gregory P. Brown, Benjamin L. Phillips, Jonathan K. Webb, Richard Shine
Transport and the Environment - European Commission Report
bu' target='_blank'>Transport and the Environment - European Commission Report

Author(s): Transport Research Knowledge Centre - EU
Transportation and Climate Change Clearinghouse

Author(s): U.S. Department of Transportation & ICF International

Author(s):
Transportation Ecology and Wildlife Passages: The State of the Practice and Science of Making Roads Better for Wildlife Transportation Ecology and Wildlife Passages: The State of the Practice and Science of Making Roads Better for Wildlife Academic Paper10/2009
This TRB article covers safety concerns, initiatives/approaches, preservation of wildlife populations, best practices for reducing WVCs, multi-species crossings, aquatic species concerns, opportunities in the field, and guidance/tools.

From TR News, May-June 2009, pp. 12-19. Copyright, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. Posted with permission of the Transportation Research Board.

Author(s): Patricia Cramer, John Bissonette
Transportation Enhancements Funding Dedicated to Wildlife Habitat Connectivity Reference6/2010
Fast facts about Transportation Enhancements (TE) federal funding and, more specifically, Category 11 funding dedicated to wildlife habitat connectivity projects.

Author(s): Christie Wood
Transportation for Health, Safety, and Active Living

Author(s): Transportation for America
Transportation Research Board Climate Change Website

Author(s): Transportation Research Board
Transportation's Role in Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions
buy cialis online now' target='_blank'>Transportation's Role in Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Author(s): U.S. DOT Center for Climate Change & Environmental Forecasting
TransWild Alliance Glossary of Relevant Terms

Author(s): TransWild Alliance
TransWild Alliance Seeks to Reduce Widlife Vehicle Colllisions

Author(s): Western Environmental Law Center
Tucson Highway Expansion Will Include Wildlife CrossingsTucson Highway Expansion Will Include Wildlife Crossings

Author(s): KVOA News
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Pacific Region Roadway Design Guidelines
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Pacific Region Roadway Design Guidelines

Author(s): U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Pacific Region
U.S. Highway 93 Wildlife Mitigation

Author(s): People's Way Partnership
US 93 (MT) Post Construction Wildlife Crossing Structure Monitoring

Author(s): Montana Department of Transportation
US 93 Bighorn Sheep Crossing in Arizona

Author(s): Arizona Game & Fish Department
US 93 Preliminary Post Construction Wildlife Crossing Structure Monitoring

Author(s): Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes
USGS National Climate Change an d Wildlife Science Center Final Report on Outreach & Recommendations
USGS National Climate Change an d Wildlife Science Center Final Report on Outreach & Recommendations Report12/2009
This report summarizes the process that created the National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center. The USGS engaged a wide array of stakeholders in planning for the Center, with the intent of providing scientific information about the complex effects of climate change on terrestrial and aquatic plants and animals. A series of workshops was organized to help identify information gaps, research needs and priorities, collaboration strategies, and an organizational and staffing structure that would meet the goals of the Center. The USGS envisions ultimately setting up Regional Climate Science Hubs to ensure full geographic coverage in the U.S.

Author(s): The Wildlife Society, Ecological Society of America
Utah Rural Roadsides for Wildlife Program

Author(s): Utah Division of Wildlife Resources
Vermont
Vermont Video4/2008
Vermont Public Television shows dedicated volunteer efforts to ensure a safe spring migration of amphibians across the state’s heavily traveled roads.

Author(s): Vermont Public TV
Vertebrate Road Mortality Predominantly Impacts Amphibians

Author(s): D. J. Glista, T. L. DeVault, J. A. DeWoody
Video Surveillance to Assess Highway Underpass Use by Elk in Arizona

Author(s): Dodd, et al.
Video: Critter Crossing Bridges for Small Mammals in MT

Author(s): Montana
Volunteer Wildlife Cams Open Experts’ Eyes
buy cialis online nowVolunteer Wildlife Cams Open Experts’ Eyes

Author(s): KING5 News
Washington Wildlife Crossings Field Course

Author(s): Center for Transportation and the Environment
Washington Wildlife Habitat Connectivity Working Group

Author(s): Washington Wildlife Habitat Connectivity Working Group
Watch Out for Wildlife Fact Sheet

Author(s): Defenders of Wildlife
Watch Out for Wildlife

Author(s): Defenders of Wildlife
Webinar: Sustainable Stormwater Management Practices

Author(s): Context Sensitive Solutions
Webinar: Transportation and Social Equity

Author(s): Transportation for America
Webinar: Transportation, Climate and EnergyWebinar: Transportation, Climate and Energy

Author(s): Transportation for America
Webinar: Transportation, Housing, and Development

Author(s): Transportation for America
Wild animals safely cross Netherlands eco-bridge

Author(s): Radio Netherlands
Wildlife and traffic crossing deadly paths' target='_blank'>Wildlife and traffic crossing deadly paths

Author(s): KDVR Denver News
Wildlife and Traffic: A European Handbook for Identifying Conflicts and Designing Solutions
Wildlife and Traffic: A European Handbook for Identifying Conflicts and Designing Solutions Report1/2003
Habitat Fragmentation Due to Transportation Infrastructure
Discusses the minimization of ecological barriers and fragmentation effects of transport infrastructure. Solution-orientated handbook which takes the reader from the first steps of strategic planning, through the integration of roads in the landscape, the use of mitigation measures, the field of compensatory measures, and to the methods of monitoring and evaluating chosen solutions.

Author(s): European Cooperation in the Field of Scientific and Technical Research
Wildlife bridge on Hwy 93 near Wells, Nevada

Author(s): Nevada Wilderness
Wildlife caught on remote camera: 2010

Author(s): Conservation Northwest
Wildlife crossing enhancements continue to advance
buy cialis online nowWildlife crossing enhancements continue to advance

Author(s):
Wildlife Crossing Structure Handbook, Design and Evaluation in North America Wildlife Crossing Structure Handbook, Design and Evaluation in North America Report3/2011
FHWA Central Federal Lands Highway Publication No. FHWA-CFL/TD-11-003
Provides technical guidelines for the planning, design and evaluation of wildlife crossing structures and associated fencing or gates that facilitate the safe movement of wildlife across roads and increase motorist safety. Prepared for transportation, natural resource and land mgmt. agencies, and stakeholder groups, responsible for planning, designing and implementing measures for mitigating the impacts of roads on wildlife populations. Describes how to increase the effectiveness of established designs and recommends ways to design for particular species in different landscapes. Can be used for wildlife crossings on new or existing highways, highway expansions and bridge reconstruction projects. Design guidelines are intended to be a starting point for the future development of more regionalized, landscape-specific guidelines based on an adaptive management process.

Author(s): Anthony Clevenger, Marcel Huijser
Wildlife Crossing Study: U.S. Highway 287/26, Moran Junction – Dubois

Author(s): David Young and Hall Sawyer
Wildlife Crossings Guidance Manual

Author(s): Caltrans
Wildlife Friendly Fences Guide - 2008
Wildlife Friendly Fences Guide - 2008

Author(s): Christine Paige
Wildlife Highway Mortality and Linkage Assessment

Author(s): American Wildlands: Williamson, Betsch, Meiklejohn, Olimb, Taylor
Wildlife Roadkill Identification Pocket Guide (2009 Edition)

Author(s): Leonard E. Sielecki
Wildlife Roadkill Identification Pocket Guide' target='_blank'>Wildlife Roadkill Identification Pocket Guide

Author(s): British Columbia Ministry of Transportation & Infrastructrue
Wildlife Using Crossing Structures Along US 93 in Montana
buy cialis online nowWildlife Using Crossing Structures Along US 93 in Montana

Author(s): CSKT, MDT, WTI-MSU
Wildlife Vehicle Collision Reduction Online Training Course

Author(s): FHWA
Wildlife Vehicle Collision Reduction Study

Author(s): Federal Highway Administration
Wildlife Watching in the United States: The Economic Impacts on National and State Economies in 2006
Wildlife Watching in the United States: The Economic Impacts on National and State Economies in 2006 Report10/2008
A new report recently released by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service shows that expenditures for wildlife watching are equivalent to the revenues generated from all spectator sports, amusement parks and arcades, non-hotel casinos, bowling centers and skiing facilities combined. In 2006, the direct expenditures of wildlife watchers generated $122.6 billion in total industrial output. This resulted in 1,063,482 jobs, a federal tax revenue of $9.3 billion, and a state and local tax revenue of $8.9 billion. The report addresses participation nationwide in wildlife watching, associated expenditures and estimates of the total economic activity generated by these expenditures.

Author(s): U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
Wildlife-related Road Impacts in the Yellowstone to Yukon Region

Author(s): Frank Lance Craighead
Wildlife-Vehicle Collision and Crossing Mitigation Measures: A Literature Review for Blaine County, Idaho Report5/2008
Blaine County, in cooperation with the Idaho Transportation Department, sought to gather more information about the wildlife-vehicle collisions and the potential installation of an animal detection system along the 26 mile long section of State Highway 75 (SH 75) between Timmerman Jct (Jct with Highway 20) and the Trail Creek Bridge in Ketchum, Idaho. The ultimate purpose of the effort is to eventually contribute to a reduction in animal-vehicle collisions, especially with mule deer and elk.

Author(s): Western Transportation Institute
Wildlife-Vehicle Collision and Crossing Mitigation Measures: A Toolbox for the Montana Dept. of Transportation
Wildlife-Vehicle Collision and Crossing Mitigation Measures: A Toolbox for the Montana Dept. of Transportation Report5/2007
Reviews 39 mitigation measures that reduce WVCs and provide habitat connectivity for wildlife across highways (restricted to mitigation measures aimed at large terrestrial mammals). Also includes info regarding how such measures may affect or benefit federally endangered or threatened species in Montana, regardless of size. Graphically illustrates which measures have the best monetary balance and which measures reduce WVCs and associated costs best. Based on the results, the authors identified wildlife fencing, w/ or w/out wildlife underpasses or a combo of wildlife underpasses and overpasses, and animal detection systems with wildlife fencing, as the most cost-effective mitigation measures.

Author(s): Western Transportation Institute